Dr. Martin Hauser

Plant Pest Diagnostics Branch, California Department of Food & Agriculture
3294 Meadowview Road, Sacramento, CA 95832-1448, U.S.A.
Office: 916-738-6677
Fax: 916-262-1190
Email: mhauser@cdfa.ca.gov

Martin Hauser

Senior Insect Biosystematist

Curriculum Vitae


  • Doctor of Philosophy (Entomology) -Dissertation: Systematics and Evolution of the Basal Lineages of Therevidae (Insecta:Diptera). Thesis Adviser: Professor Michael E. Irwin, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2005
  • Masters of Science (Entomology) -Thesis: The Nearctic Genus Ammonaios Irwin and Lyneborg 1981. Thesis Adviser: Professor Michael E. Irwin, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2002
  • Diploma in Zoology -Thesis: Aculeate Communities on Inland Sand-dunes in South West Germany. Thesis Adviser: Professor Ragnar Kinzelbach, University Darmstadt, Germany. 1995
  • Civil service 1986 - 1988 District hospital Grünstadt
  • Language skills: German, English, French, minor degree in Latin

Professional Experience

  • Senior Insect Biosystematist 2010 – present
    Plant Pest Diagnostics Lab, California Department of Food & Agriculture, Sacramento.
  • Associate Insect Biosystematist 2008 – 2010
    Plant Pest Diagnostics Lab, California Department of Food & Agriculture, Sacramento.
  • Research Assistant Professor 2007 – 2008
    Department of Biological Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
  • Postdoctoral Scientist 2005 – 2007
    Plant Pest Diagnostics Lab, California Department of Food & Agriculture, Sacramento.
  • Internship as Curator of Diptera 1995 – 1997
    Museum of Natural Science, Stuttgart, Germany.

Awards and Grants

  • Student's competition, 2nd prize for poster presentation at the 5th International Congress of Dipterology September/October 2002
  • Student's competition, 3rd prize for oral presentation at the 5th International Congress of Dipterology September/October 2002
  • Travel grant, Williston foundation, to the 5th International Congress of Dipterology September/October 2002. $1500.


  1. Grimaldi D., Ginsberg P.S., Thayer L., McEvey S., Hauser M.,Turelli M., & Brown B. (2015) Strange Little Flies in the Big City: Exotic Flower-Breeding Drosophilidae (Diptera) in Urban Los Angeles. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0122575.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122575
  2. Hauser, M. & H. Hippa (2015) A remarkable new species of Chalcosyrphus Curran from the Oriental Region (Diptera: Syrphidae). Zootaxa 3986 (1): 144-150.
  3. Khaghaninia, S., Kazerani, F. & Hauser, M. (2015) The genera Nemotelus and Oxycera (Diptera, Stratiomyidae) in the Arasbaran forests. Vestnik zoologii 49(5): 401-406.
  4. Marshall, S.A., Woodley, N.E. & Hauser, M. (2015) The historical spread of the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera, Stratiomyidae, Hermetiinae), and its establishment in Canada. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 146: 51-54.
  5. Rodrigues Júnior, F.A., Mathis, W.N.  & Hauser, M. (2015) Argentine Hydrellia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera, Ephydridae): new species and key to identification. Zootaxa 3957 (1): 131-136.
  6. Thompson, F.C. & M. Hauser (2015) In honor of Brian Stuckenberg: Two new Spheginobaccha species of flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Afrotropics. African Invertebrates. 56(3): 769-777.
  7. von Ellenrieder, N., M. Hauser, S. Gaimari, T. Pham. 2015. First records of Macromia katae (Macromiidae) and Indothemis carnatica (Libellulidae) from Vietnam (Insecta: Odonata). Check List: The Journal of Biodiversity Data 11(1, Article 1514): 1-13. [open access]
  8. von Ellenrieder, N., M. Hauser, S. Kinnee, J.E. O’Hara, J.O. Stireman III, P. Cerretti & D.M. Wood (2015) First record of a parasitoid tachinid fly (Diptera: Tachinidae) on a dragonfly (Odonata: Calopterygidae). Studia dipterologica 21(2) (2014): 335–341.
  9. Winterton, S.L., Hardy, N.B., Gaimari, S.D., Hauser, M., Hill, H.N., Holston, K.C., Irwin, M.E., Lambkin, C.L., Metz, M.A., Turco, F., Webb, D.W., Yang, L., Yeates, D.K., & Wiegmann, B.M. (2015) The phylogeny of stiletto flies (Diptera: Therevidae). Systematic Entomology 1-18.
  10. Hauser, M. (2014) Order Diptera, family Stratiomyidae. Further records and the description of a new species. Pp. 695-703, in: van Harten, A. (ed.), Arthropod Fauna of the United Arab Emirates. Volume 5.
  11. Barr, N.B., L.A. Ledezma, L. Leblanc, M. San Jose, D. Rubinoff, S.M. Geib, B. Fujita, D.W. Bartels, D. Garza, P. Kerr, M. Hauser & S. Gaimari (2014) Genetics diversity of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) on the Hawaiian Islands: Implications for an introduction pathway into California. Journal of Economic Entomology 107 (5): 1946-1958. [open access]
  12. Dahlberg, L., Hauser, M. & Yanega, D. (2013) Japanese carpenter bee, Xylocopa appendiculata Smith 1852 (Hymenoptera: Apidae) potentially established in Santa Clara County, first record for North America. Pan Pacific Entomologist 89(4):226-229.
  13. Speight, M.C.D., Hauser, M. & Withers, P. (2013) Eumerus narcissi Smith (Diptera, Syrphidae), presence in Europe confirmed, with a redescription of the species. Dipterist Digest 20:17-32.
  14. Webb, D.W., Gaimari, S.D., Hauser, M., Holston, K.C., Metz, M.A., Irwin, M.E., Kampmeier G.E. & Algmin, K. (2013) An annotated catalogue of the New World Therevidae (Insecta: Diptera: Asiloidea). Zootaxa 3600: 1-105. [open access]
  15. Yang, Z., Hauser, M., Yang, M. & Zhang, T. (2013) The Oriental genus Nasimyia (Diptera: Stratiomyidae): Geographical distribution, key to species and description of three new species. Zootaxa 3619(5): 526-540.
  16. Winterton, S.L., Hauser, M., Badrawy, H.B.M. (2012) A remarkable new genus of stiletto flies from Egypt, with a key to Palaearctic genera of Phycinae (Diptera, Therevidae). ZooKeys 184: 35–45. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.184.2759 [Open access]
  17. Grimaldi, D.A., Arillo, A., Cumming, J.M., Hauser, M. (2011) Brachyceran Diptera (Insecta) in Cretaceous ambers, part IV, significant new orthorrhaphous taxa. Zookeys, 148: 293-332. [Open access]
  18. Hauser, M. (2011) A historic account of the invasion of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in the continental United States, with remarks on their identification. Pest Management Science, 67: 1352-1357.
  19. Hauser, M., J.C. Deeming & J.H. Stuke (2011) Order Diptera, family Diopsidae 4: 765-768 In: van Harten, A. (ed.), Arthropod Fauna of the United Arab Emirates. Volume 4.
  20. Webb, D.W., M. Hauser (2011) Revision of the genus Stenogephyra Lyneborg (Diptera: Therevidae: Phycinae). Zootaxa 2837: 67-85.
  21. Lambkin, C.L., J.W.H. Trueman, D.K. Yeates, K.C. Holston, D.W. Webb, M. Hauser, M.A. Metz, H.N. Hill, J.H. Skevington, L. Yang, M.E. Irwin, & B.M. Wiegmann (2009): Supertrees and the Tree of Life: generating a metaphylogeny for a diverse invertebrate family (Insecta : Diptera : Therevidae) using constraint trees and the parsimony ratchet to overcome low taxon overlap. Invertebrate Systematics 23: 171–191.
  22. Buschbeck, E.K. & M. Hauser (2009): The visual system of male scale insects. Naturwissenschaften 96: 365-374.
  23. Hauser, M., S. Gaimari & M. Damus (2009) Drosophila suzukii new to North America. Fly Times 43: 12-15.
  24. Mason, F., R. Rozkosny & M. Hauser (2009) A review of the soldier flies (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) of Sardinia. Zootaxa 2318: 507-530. [In: Cerretti, P., F. Mason, A. Minelli, G. Nardi & D. Whitmore (Eds.), Research on the Terrestrial Arthropods of Sardinia (Italy). Zootaxa 2318: 1-602.]
  25. Rozkošný, R. & M. Hauser (2009): Species groups of Oriental Ptecticus Loew including descriptions of ten new species with a revised identification key to the Oriental species (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Zootaxa 2034: 1–30.
  26. Hauser, M. (2008): Order Diptera, family Stratiomyidae 1:591-601. In: van Harten, A. (ed.), Arthropod Fauna of the United Arab Emirates. Volume 1, 754pp.
  27. Hauser, M. & R. Rozkošný (2007): New records of Ptecticus Loew, 1855, species from the Oriental and Australian regions with a description of a new species from the Philippines and two new synonyms (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 83(4):332-341.
  28. Hauser, M. (2007): Baltic amber Therevidae and Apsilocephalidae (Diptera). Studia Dipterologica 14(2):37-59.
  29. Hauser, M. & D. W. Webb (2007): A Revision of the new world fly genus Ataenogera Kröber (Diptera: Therevidae: Phycinae) with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 1530:41-67.
  30. Hauser, M. & E. M. Fisher (2007): The identity of the fossil Diptera Psilocephala tarsalis (Statz, 1940) (Diptera: Asiloidea). Zootaxa 1465: 65-68.
  31. Hauser, M. & S. L. Winterton (2007): A new fossil genus of small-headed flies (Diptera: Acroceridae: Philopotinae) from Baltic Amber. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 100(2): 152-156.
  32. Tooker, J. F., Hauser, M., & Hanks, L. M. (2006): Floral Host Plants of Syrphidae and Tachinidae (Diptera) of Central Illinois. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(1): 96-112.
  33. Hauser, M. & M. E. Irwin (2005): Fossil Therevidae (Insecta: Diptera) from Florissant, Colorado (Upper Eocene) Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 3(4):393-401.
  34. Hauser, M. & M. E. Irwin (2005): The subfamily Xestomyzinae (Diptera: Therevidae) new to Madagascar, with description of four new species. African Invertebrates 46:181-202.
  35. Grund, M. & Hauser, M. (2005): Pachygaster hymenaea sp. nov. and P. antiqua James, 1971 (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Neotropical ambers. Zootaxa. 1061: 29–34.
  36. Reemer, M., M. Hauser & M. C. D. Speight (2005): The genus Myolepta Newman in the West-Palaearctic region (Diptera, Syrphidae). Studia Dipterologica 11(2): 553-580.
  37. Hauser, M. & M. E. Irwin (2005): A new remarkable Xestomyzinae (Insecta, Diptera, Therevidae) genus from Mexican Amber. Zootaxa 1008: 39-45.
  38. Romig, T. & M. Hauser (2004): Copestylum melleum (Jaennicke, 1867) (Diptera, Syrphidae) is an established neozoon on the Canary Islands. Volucella 7:185-191.
  39. Hauser, M. & M. E. Irwin (2003): The nearctic genus Ammonaios Irwin and Lyneborg 1981 (Diptera, Therevidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 96(6): 738-765.
  40. Hauser, M. (2002): A new species of Adoxomyia Kertész, 1907 (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) from Socotra, Yemen. Fauna of Arabia 19:463-466.Rozkošný, R. & M. Hauser (2001): Additional records of Ptecticus Loew from Sri Lanka, with a new species and a new name (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Studia Dipterologica 8(1): 217-223.
  41. Hauser, M. & M. Niehuis (2001): Waffenfliegen (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) und Xylomyiden (Diptera: Xylomyidae) eines xerothermen Standortes im Mittelrheintal (Rheinland-Pfalz). Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz 9(3): 963-970; Landau.
  42. Petersen, J. F. T., & M. Hauser (2001): Family Stratiomyidae. In: Petersen, J. F. T,& R. Meier (eds.). A preliminary checklist of Danish Diptera. Steenstrupia 26: 176.
  43. Tschirnhaus von, M., M. E. Irwin, M. Hauser, N. Evenhuis & T. Pape (2000): Provisional checklist of Agromyzidae, Therevidae, Mythicomyiidae, Sarcophagidae and Stratiomyidae (Diptera) of the Brandberg Massif, Namibia. Cimbebasia Memoir 9: 383-384.
  44. Malec, F., P-W. Löhr, F. Geller-Grimm, M. Hauser, P. Mansfeld & J-H. Stuke (1999): Vorl¬ufige Artenliste der Schwebfliegen Hessens (Diptera: Syrphidae). Philippia 9(2): 145-149.
  45. Hauser, M. & R. Rozkošný (1999): An annotated list of Stratiomyidae (Diptera) from Sri Lanka with taxonomic notes to some genera. – Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A, 585: 1-15; Stuttgart.
  46. Rozkošný, R. & M. Hauser (1998): A new species of Ptecticus Loew (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) from Sri Lanka. - Studia Dipterologica 5(2): 337-342; Halle.
  47. Hauser, M. & C. F. Kassebeer (1998): Neoascia clausseni spec. nov. aus Nordafrika (Diptera, Syrphidae). – Dipteron 1(2): 37-44; Kiel.
  48. Schmid, U., M. Hauser & D. Doczkal (1998): Schwebfliegen-Typen (Diptera, Syrphidae) im Staatlichen Museum fuer Naturkunde Stuttgart. Volucella 3(1/2): 75-84; Stuttgart.
  49. Hauser, M. (1998): Zur Schwebfliegenfauna (Diptera, Syrphidae) Aserbaidschans, mit der Beschreibung von zwei neuen Arten. - Volucella 3(1/2): 15-26. Stuttgart.
  50. Hauser, M. (1998): Stratiomyidae in: Schumann, H., Bährmann, R. & Stark, A. (1997): Checkliste der Dipteren Deutschlands. - Studia Dipterologica Supplement 3. Halle.
  51. Hauser, M. (1998): Kommentare zur Checkliste der Stratiomyiden Deutschlands. - Studia Dipterologica 4(2): 453-456; Halle.
  52. Hauser, M. (1998): Eine neue Nemotelus aus Nordafrika (Diptera: Syrphidae). - Studia Dipterologica 4(2): 483-487; Halle.
  53. Hauser, M. & Hurkmans, W. (1997): Eine neue Merodon-Art aus Tunesien (Diptera: Syrphidae) - Entomologische Zeitschrift 107(10): 423-428; Frankfurt.
  54. Geller-Grimm, F., M. Hauser & C. Schmid-Egger (1997): Hinweise für Entomologen - Bembix 8: 7-12; Stuttgart.
  55. Hauser, M. & F. Geller-Grimm (1996): Schwebfliegen (Diptera: Syrphidae) des Messeler Forstes (Südhessen) mit besonderen Bemerkungen zu Mallota cimbiciformis (Fallén, 1817). - Volucella 2: 65-76; Stuttgart.
  56. Hauser, M. (1994): Die Wildbienenfauna des Rheindammes zwischen Mainz und Ingelheim, mit Beifängen von Stechimmen und Schwebfliegen. - Fauna und Flora Rheinland-Pfalz 7(2):345-375.
  57. Doczkal, D., Schmid, U., Ssymank, A. , Stuke., J., Treiber, R. & M. Hauser (1993): Rote Liste der Schwebfliegen Baden-Württembergs. - Natur und Landschaft 68: 608-617.
  58. Claußen, C. & M. Hauser (1990): Neue Syrphidenvorkommen aus Marokko und Tunesien. - Entomofauna 11(25): 433-438.
  59. Hauser, M. (1990): Bemerkungen zu einigen Schwebfliegenfunden aus der Pfalz. - Mitteilungen der Pollichia 77: 334-339; Bad Dürkheim.

Selected Presentations

  1. “Invasive Insects: small aliens - giant impacts”
    Keynote talk, Agriculture in the Classroom annual meeting, Long Beach, CA, 23.October.2015
  2. “The Continuing Saga of Flies in Southeast Asia”
    Invited talk (Gaimari & Hauser), CDFA seminar series, Sacramento, Ca, 18.April.2013.
  3. “South East Asia – A fly’s perspective”
    Invited talk (Hauser & Gaimari), CDFA seminar series, Sacramento, Ca, 19.July.2012.
  4. “The CDFA and Fruit Fly pests in California”
    Invited talk, 1st Meeting on Identification Tools for Tephritid Fruit Fly Pests, APHIS-PPQ Mission Laboratory, Mission, TX, 11.January.2012.
  5. “Trapping study of several species of the genus Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Benton County, Washington”
    Luz D. Barrantes-Barrantes (presenting author), Martin Hauser & Douglas Walsh, Pacific branch Annual Meeting, Entomological Society of America, Portland, OR, 27.March.2012.
  6. “Why flies are fantastic – of maggots, fossils, and continental drift”
    Invited talk, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA, 4.May.2011
  7. “Origin, biology, and taxonomy of SWD – do we know enough?”
    Invited talk, ESA Pacific Branch meeting, Symposium: Monitoring and management of the Spotted Wing Drosophila in cherries and berries, Waikoloa, HI, 28.March.2011
  8. “Review of Pest Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae, Drosophilidae) Detected in California from 2004 to the Present”
    Steve Gaimari & Martin Hauser, Colloquium on plant pests of regulatory significance, University of Florida, Gainesville, 16.March.2011.
  9. “When vinegar flies go bad – the story of suzukii”
    Invited talk, ESA meeting, Spotted Wing Drosophila across Boundaries and Perspectives, San Diego, Ca, 15.December.2010.
  10. “Aiming towards more resolution - Challenges of a Stratiomyidae Phylogeny”
    Invited talk, 7th International Congress of Dipterology, San Jose, Costa Rica, 10.August.2010.
  11. “An overview of Afrotropical endemism in Therevidae”
    Invited talk, 7th International Congress of Dipterology, San Jose, Costa Rica, 8.August.2010.
    Coauthored with Kevin Holston and Mike Irwin
  12. “Stratiomyidae biodiversity of the Ethiopian region – Is the island richer than the continent?”
    Invited talk, 7th International Congress of Dipterology, San Jose, Costa Rica, 8.August.2010.
    Coauthored with Norm Woodley.
  13. Drosophila suzukii – the situation in North America”
    Invited talk, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, Paris, France, 17.September.2009.
  14. “The hoverfly genus Eumerus in Australia - amazing flies from down under”
    Invited talk, CDFA seminar series, Sacramento, Ca, 20.August.2009.
  15. “When vinegar flies go bad – the case of the spotted winged drosophila”
    Invited talk, CDFA seminar series, Sacramento, Ca, 17.September.2009.
  16. “The syrphid genus Eumerus in Australia”
    Invited talk, 5th International Symposium on Syrphidae, Novi Sad, Serbia 20.June.2009
  17. “Madagascar: People and Nature on the 8th Continent”
    Invited talk, Northern California Entomology Society meeting, Concord, CA, 6.November.2008.
  18. “Desert diversity - arthropod inventory in the United Arab Emirates”
    Invited talk, CDFA seminar series, Sacramento, Ca, 20.November.2008.
  19. "Biodiversity in Madagascar"
    Invited talk, North American Dipterists Society Meeting, San Diego, 11.Dec.2007
  20. "Aquatic Insects- Biology and Diversity in the Eastern United States"
    Invited talk, Saluda River Chapter, Trout Unlimited monthly meeting. 12.Nov.2007
  21. "The basal radiation of Stiletto Flies - Evidence from time and space"
    Invited talk, Entomology seminar series, Iowa State University, Ames, IA. 12.April.2006
  22. "Scientific illustrations with Adobe Illustrator"
    Workshop, Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA. 12.April.2006.
  23. "Dipterological research in Madagascar"
    Museum for Natural History , Germany. July 2006.
  24. "Mysterious Madagascar"
    Invited talk, Seminar series, CDFA, Sacramento, California. January 2006.
  25. "Fossil Therevidae (Diptera, Asiloidea) - How the past can change our view of the present"
    Poster presentation, Fossil X3, 3rd International congress of paleontology & 2nd World Congress on amber and its inclusions, Pretoria, South Africa. 2005.
  26. "Experience from biodiversity surveys - what are the pitfalls"
    Invited talk, Entomology Collection Network (ECN) Annual meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah. 2004.
  27. "Fossil Therevidae (Diptera, Asiloidea) - How the past can change our view of the present"
    Poster presentation, PEET V meeting (Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy), Champaign Urbana, Illinois. 2004.
  28. "The Therevidae PEET Project - A student’s perspective"
    Invited talk, Annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. 2003.
  29. "Phylogeny of the basal clades of Therevidae - New evidence from 28S and EF-1α"
    Oral presentation, 5th International Congress for Dipterology, Brisbane, Australia. 2002.
  30. "Pupal morphology of Asiloidea - an unused set of characters"
    Poster presentation, Evolution meeting, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois. 2002.
  31. "SEM and ESEM: Imaging into the future"
    Oral presentation, Joint Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Canadian Entomological Society, and Société Entomologique du Quebec, Montreal, Canada. 2000.

Teaching Experience

  • Teaching Assistant for General Zoology and Zoological Identification
    Technical University Darmstadt, Germany. 1993-1995.
  • Teaching Assistant for Marine Biology and Ecology of the Red Sea (Hurghada, Egypt).
    Technical University Darmstadt, Germany. 1994.
  • Teaching Assistant for Introduction to Entomology
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL. 2005.


  • Insect demonstrations for children (e. g. YMCA youth camp in Woodland, CA, 2006;
  • Urbana Middle School, Urbana, IL, 2005;
  • Orpheum Children's Science Museum, Champaign, IL, 2003, 2004;
  • Insect Fair, Champaign, IL, 2002) and participating in the IFFF (Insect Fear Film Festival, organized by Prof. M. Berenbaum, Champaign, IL, 2001-2004).
  • Consultant for "Bugscope", an educational outreach program for K-12 classrooms (at the Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign).  This project allows classrooms to use the ESEM to image "bugs" they sent in at high magnification, with advise and comments from scientists.

Affiliations and Memberships

  • ESA (Entomological Society of America); member since 1998.
  • ESA Committee on International Affairs; Western Europe Representative since 2004.
  • Xerxes Society for Invertebrate Conservation; member since 2003.
  • Pollichia since 1989
  • Internationaler Entomologischer Verein e.V. Frankfurt since 1992
  • DGaaE since ca 1992

Professional Activities

  • Subject editor (Diptera) for "Pan-Pacific Entomologist" and "Studia Dipterologica".
  • Reviewer for Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Journal of Insect Science, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Myia, Studia Dipterologica, Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society,and. Zootaxa
  • Student organizer for the fifth biannual PEET-conference in Urbana-Champaign, IL, 2004.

Entomological Expeditions and Fieldwork Experience

  • 1989: Morocco, South France,Sardinia
  • 1990: Tunisia, Hungary
  • 1991: Italy (Alps), Hungary
  • 1992: Italy (Alps), Egypt
  • 1993: Tunisia
  • 1994: Tunisia, Egypt
  • 1995: Morocco
  • 1996: Israel, Azerbaijan
  • 1997: Morocco, Nepal
  • 1999: SW-USA, Malaysia, South Africa
  • 2000: Jamaica, Bolivia & Brazil, Tunisia
  • 2001: Tunisia, Kazakhstan, Russia
  • 2002: Arizona & New Mexico, Australia
  • 2003: Costa Rica
  • 2004: Bolivia, South Africa, Madagascar
  • 2006: Arizona, California, Japan
  • 2008: United Arabic Emirates
  • 2009: Serbia
  • 2010: Sweden, Costa Rica
  • 2011: Hawaii, Malaysia (Borneo)