California Fertilization Guidelines

UC Davis
A collaboration between CDFA, FREP and UC Davis
 
N-P-K

Dry Beans

The fertilization guidelines on this site have been redesigned to be compliant with AB434. The guidelines in the traditional design with the latest updates can be found on the UC Davis Nutrient Management website .

References

Nitrogen

  1. Beverly, R.B., Jarrell, W.M., 1984. Cowpea response to N form, rate and timing of application. Agronomy Journal 76, 663-668.
  2. Brown, B., Westermann, D., 2008. Soil fertility and bean production. University of Idaho Extension
  3. Cahn, M.D., Smith, R., 2013. Estimating N contribution from irrigation water containing nitrate.
  4. Cahn, M., Herrero, E.V., Temple, S.R., Brown, D., Jacobs, D., 2000. Nitrogen management of new California dark red kidney varieties. Dry Bean Proceedings, 2000. pp 74.
  5. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  6. Canevari, M., 1992. Lima foliar trial. Dry Bean Proceedings, 1992. pp 69.
  7. Davis, J.G., Brick, M.A., 2009. Fertilizing dry beans. Colorado State University Fact Sheet No. 0.539.
  8. Díaz-Franco, A., Morales-Hernández, J.A., 1994. Efficacy of foliar fertilization on cowpea in northern Tamaulipas. Subtropical Plant Science 46, 29-31.
  9. Elias, N.V., Herridge, D.F., 2014. Crop-available water and agronomic management, rather than nitrogen supply, primarily determine grain yield of commercial chickpea in northern New South Wales. Crop and Pasture Science 65, 442-452.
  10. Elowad, H.O.A., Hall, A.E., 1987. Influences of early and late nitrogen fertilization on yield and nitrogen fixation of cowpea under well-watered and dry field conditions. Field Crops Research 15, 229-244.
  11. Elowad, H.O.A., Hall, A.E., Jarrell, W.M., 1987. Comparisons of ureide and acetylene reduction methods for estimating biological nitrogen fixation by glasshouse-grown cowpea. Field Crops Research 15, 215-227.
  12. Gan, Y., Johnston, A.M., Knight, J.D., McDonald, C., Stevenson, C., 2010. Nitrogen dynamics of chickpea: Effects of cultivar choice, N fertilization, Rhizobium inoculation, and cropping systems. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 90, 655-666.
  13. George, T., Singleton, P.W., 1992. Nitrogen assimilation traits and dinitrogen fixation in soybean and common bean. Agronomy Journal 84, 1020-1028.
  14. Hall., A.E., Frate, C.A., 1996. Blackeye bean production in California. UC ANR Publication 21518.
  15. Hall, R., Schwartz, H.F., 1993. Common bean. In: Bennett, W.F., (Ed.). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul., MN. pp 149-156.
  16. Isom, W.H., 1984. Tulare County - Blackeye fertilizer test. Dry Bean Proceedings, 1984. pp 9-10.
  17. Lauer, D.A., 1982. Foliar fertilization of dry beans with Zn and NPKS. Agronomy Journal 74, 339-344.
  18. Lee, J., Six, J., van Kessel, C., 2010. Dinitrogen fixation by winter chickpea across scales in waterlogged soil in a Mediterranean climate. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 197, 135-145.
  19. Liu, L., Gan, Y., Bueckert, R., Van Rees, K., Rooting systems of oilseed and pulse crops. II: Vertical distribution patterns across the soil profile. Field Crops Research 12, 248-255.
  20. Long, R., Temple, S., Meyer, R., Schwankl, L., Godfrey, L., Canevari, M., Roberts, P., Gepts, P., 2014. Lima bean production in California. UC ANR Publication 8505.
  21. Long, R., Temple, S., Schmierer, J., Canevari, M., Meyer, R.D., 2010. Common dry bean production in California, 2nd edition. UC ANR Publication 8402.
  22. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., 1976. Plant tissue analysis of vegetable crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Bulletin 1879. pp 24-29.
  23. Mahler, R.L., 2005. Northern Idaho fertilizer guide: Chickpeas. University of Idaho Extension, CIS 826.
  24. Meyer, R. D., J. L. Hatfield, W. E. Bendixen, W. D. McClellan, T. Prichard, D. Ririe, and J. D. Smith. 1977. Foliar fertilization of bean crops. Soil and Water, Winter 1977, No. 31.
  25. Moroke, T.S., Schwartz, R.C., Brown, K.W., Juo, A.S.R., 2005. Soil water depletion and root distribution of three dryland crops. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69, 197-205.
  26. Muchow, R.C., Robertson, M.J., Pengelly, B.C., 1993. Accumulation and partitioning of biomass and nitrogen by soybean, mungbean and cowpea under contrasting environmental conditions. Field Crops Research 33, 13-36.
  27. Mueller, S., 2004. Influence of nitrogen and phosphorus fertility on garbanzo yield and seed quality. Dry Bean Proceedings, 2004. pp 34.
  28. Roberts, B., Frate, C., Mueller, S., 1998. Nitrogen and irrigation management in garbanzo beans. Dry Bean Proceedings, 1998. pp. 87.
  29. Roberts, B., Fulton, A., Frate, C., Mueller, S., Temple, S., Smith, S., Helms, D., 1994. Evaluation of nitrogen fertilizer and irrigation management in garbanzo beans. Dry Bean Proceedings, 1994. pp. 77.
  30. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York.

Phosphorus

  1. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  2. Canizella, B.T., Moreira, A., Moraes, L.A.C., Fageria, N.K., 2015. Efficiency of magnesium use by common bean varieties regarding yield, physiological components, and nutritional status of plants. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 46, 1376-1390.
  3. Corp, M., Machado, S., Ball, D., Smiley, R., Petrie, S., Siemens, M., Guy, S., 2004. Chickpea production guide. Oregon State University Extension Service, EM 8791-E.
  4. Davis, J.G., Brick, M.A., 2009. Fertilizing dry beans. Colorado State University Fact Sheet No. 0.539.
  5. George, T., Singleton, P.W., 1992. Nitrogen assimilation traits and dinitrogen fixation in soybean and common bean. Agronomy Journal 84, 1020-1028.
  6. Hall., A.E., Frate, C.A., 1996. Blackeye bean production in California. UC ANR Publication 21518.
  7. Hall, R., Schwartz, H.F., 1993. Common bean. In: Bennett, W.F., (Ed.). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul., MN. pp 149-156.
  8. Horner, G.M., Mojtehedi, M., 1970. Yield of grain legumes as affected by irrigation and fertilizer regimes. Agronomy Journal 62, 449-450.
  9. Kouas, S., Labidi, N., Debez, A., Abdelly, C., 2005. Effect of P on nodule formation and N fixation in bean. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 25, 389-393.
  10. Lauer, D.A., 1982. Foliar fertilization of dry beans with Zn and NPKS. Agronomy Journal 74, 339-344.
  11. Liu, L., Gan, Y., Bueckert, R., Van Rees, K., Rooting systems of oilseed and pulse crops. II: Vertical distribution patterns across the soil profile. Field Crops Research 12, 248-255.
  12. Long, R., Temple, S., Meyer, R., Schwankl, L., Godfrey, L., Canevari, M., Roberts, P., Gepts, P., 2014. Lima bean production in California. UC ANR Publication 8505.
  13. Long, R., Temple, S., Schmierer, J., Canevari, M., Meyer, R.D., 2010. Common dry bean production in California, 2nd edition. UC ANR Publication 8402.
  14. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., 1976. Plant tissue analysis of vegetable crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Bulletin 1879. pp 24-29.
  15. Meyer, R. D., J. L. Hatfield, W. E. Bendixen, W. D. McClellan, T. Prichard, D. Ririe, and J. D. Smith. 1977. Foliar fertilization of bean crops. Soil and Water, Winter 1977, No. 31.
  16. Mitich, L.W., Kyser, G., 1988. Greenhouse study of kidney bean competition with barnyardgrass and hairy nightshade in the presence of various levels of soil phosphorus. Dry Bean Proceedings, 1988. pp 95-96.
  17. Moroke, T.S., Schwartz, R.C., Brown, K.W., Juo, A.S.R., 2005. Soil water depletion and root distribution of three dryland crops. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69, 197-205.
  18. Mueller, S., 2004. Influence of nitrogen and phosphorus fertility on garbanzo yield and seed quality. Dry Bean Proceedings, 2004. pp 34.
  19. Natural Resource Conservation Service Crop Nutrient Tool. Accessed December 2015.
  20. Pereira, P.A.A., Bliss, F.A., 1987. Nitrogen fixation and plant growth of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at different levels of phosphorus availability. Plant and Soil 104, 79-84.
  21. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York.

Potassium

  1. Brown, B., Westermann, D., 2008. Soil fertility and bean production. University of Idaho Extension.
  2. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  3. Canizella, B.T., Moreira, A., Moraes, L.A.C., Fageria, N.K., 2015. Efficiency of magnesium use by common bean varieties regarding yield, physiological components, and nutritional status of plants. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 46, 1376-1390.
  4. Hall, A.E., Frate, C.A., 1996. Blackeye bean production in California. UC ANR Publication 21518.
  5. Hall, R., Schwartz, H.F., 1993. Common bean. In: Bennett, W.F., (Ed.). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul., MN. pp 149-156.
  6. Lauer, D.A., 1982. Foliar fertilization of dry beans with Zn and NPKS. Agronomy Journal 74, 339-344.
  7. Liu, L., Gan, Y., Bueckert, R., Van Rees, K., Rooting systems of oilseed and pulse crops. II: Vertical distribution patterns across the soil profile. Field Crops Research 12, 248-255.
  8. Long, R., Temple, S., Meyer, R., Schwankl, L., Godfrey, L., Canevari, M., Roberts, P., Gepts, P., 2014. Hall., A.E., Frate, C.A., 1996. Lima bean production in California. UC ANR Publication 8505.
  9. Long, R., Temple, S., Schmierer, J., Canevari, M., Meyer, R.D., 2010. Common dry bean production in California, 2nd edition. UC ANR Publication 8402.
  10. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., 1976. Plant tissue analysis of vegetable crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Bulletin 1879. pp 24-29.
  11. Mahler, R.L., 2005. Northern Idaho fertilizer guide: Chickpeas. University of Idaho Extension, CIS 826.
  12. Martínez-Gamiño, M.A., Jasso-Chaverría, C., Huerta-Díaz, J., 2012. Effect of fertilization doses with fertigation and conservation tillage in bean yield and soil properties. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agricolas 3, 1551-1564.
  13. Mason, S.C., Leihner, D.E., Vorst, J.J., 1986. Cassava-cowpea and cassava-peanut intercropping III: Nutrient concentrations and removal. Agronomy Journal 78, 341-344.
  14. Meyer, R. D., J. L. Hatfield, W. E. Bendixen, W. D. McClellan, T. Prichard, D. Ririe, and J. D. Smith. 1977. Foliar fertilization of bean crops. Soil and Water, Winter 1977, No. 31.
  15. Moroke, T.S., Schwartz, R.C., Brown, K.W., Juo, A.S.R., 2005. Soil water depletion and root distribution of three dryland crops. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69, 197-205.
  16. Natural Resource Conservation Service Crop Nutrient Tool. Accessed December 2015.
  17. Saha, S., Chakraborty, D., Sehgal, V.K., Pal, M., 2015. Potential impact of rising atmospheric CO2 on quality of grains in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Food Chemistry 187, 431-436.
  18. Sangakkara, U.R., Frehner, M., Nosberger, J., 2000. Effect of soil moisture and potassium fertilizer on shoot water potential, photosynthesis and partitioning of carbon in mungbean and cowpea. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 185, 201-207.
  19. Turner, N.C., Colmer, T.D., Quealy, J., Pushpavalli, R., Krishnamurthy, L., Kaur, J., Singh, G., Siddique, K.H.M., Vadez, V., 2013. Salinity tolerance and ion accumulation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) subjected to salt stress. Plant and Soil 365, 347-361.
  20. Valdez-Aguilar, L.A., Reed, D.W., 2010. Growth and nutrition of young bean plants under high alkalinity as affected by mixtures of ammonium, potassium and sodium. Journal of Plant Nutrition 33, 1472- 1488.
  21. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York.