California Department of Food and Agriculture

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California's Water

~ How much do you know about water?

Water in Citrus orchard cows drinking water a dam with water pigs getting water rice field with birds and water winding water canal seedling with drip irrigation crop with drip irrigation horse drinking crops with efficient sprinklers orchard with efficient sprinkler lake with low water

California produces almost half the fruits, nuts and vegetables grown in the U.S. California is the top agriculture state in the U.S. and has been so for over 50 years. What makes California's agricultural production so abundant? It's the fertile soil in the Central Valley, the different climates throughout the state enabling diverse crops to be grown and the availability of water.

Water, which is two atoms of hyrdogen to one atom of oxygen in each molecule, is essential to all life on this planet. It is an invaluable state resource. We use water daily in our homes, gardens and schools, at work and especially in California's agricultural production.

In California, water is a necessity for agricultural production. It is used to irrigate field, orchard and greenhouse crops. It is also used in the production of livestock, poultry and dairy items.

California is currently in a serious drought. Water is not abundant this year so we must conserve and use wisely what we have. So what happens when there is a water shortage? California farmers are taking action to continue producing as many agricultural commodities as possible. Crops that need less water will be grown. Farmers are using more efficient ways to irrigate their crops such as surface drip instead of sprinklers. Some farmers are using only a fraction of their fields so they won't have to use as much water. California will continue to be a major producer of agricultural products. Adaptations need to be made while our state is experiencing a drought. As for the rest of us, we can all do our part to help by conserving water on a daily basis. See the link below for more information.

More information about droughts

question mark inside of yellow circle

a drip of water  What do you know about water?

(Click here to get tested on facts about water.)

About 1 day
About 1 week
About 1 hour

250-500 gallons.
2.5-5.5 gallons.
25-50 gallons

2 gallons
20 gallons
200 gallons



101 gallons
1 gallon
10 gallons

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Dozer The Detector Dog Helps Keep Mail Pests Away From Yolo County Agriculture

Unwanted pests hitching a ride in the mail are a threat to California's billion-dollar agriculture, but they're no match for Dozer the Detector Dog. (CBS 13) (1:41)

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