ca.gov

California Department of Food and Agriculture

APPENDIX: GLOSSARY OF DAIRY TERMS


Use the links below to navigate to a page listed in alphabetical order, or use the word list to link directly to that definition.

Appendix

Terms A - F

Terms G - L

Terms M - R

Terms S - Z

Terms designated with a “*” apply to California specifically. Unmarked terms apply to federally regulated milk markets or to both California and federally regulated milk markets.

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A
Agricultural Marketing Service
All Milk Price
Allocation Procedures
AMS
Aseptic
Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Assembly
ASCS
Assessment

B
Bargaining Agency
Bargaining Cooperative
Barn, Freestall
Barn, Milking (Milking Parlor)
Barn, Stanchion
Barrel Cheese
Base–Excess Plan
Blend Price
Bloc Vote
Block Cheese
Bulk Milk
Bulk Tank Unit
Butterfat Differential

C
California Department of Food and Agriculture*
California Manufacturing Milk Advisory Board*
California Milk Advisory Board*
Call Handler / Supply Handler
Casein
Cash Forward Contracting
CCC
CDFA*
Chicago Mercantile Exchange
Classification
Classified Pricing
Class 1 Milk*
Class 1 Price*
Class I Differential
Class 2 Milk*
Class 2 Price*
Class 3 Milk*
Class II Milk
Class 3 Price*
Class III Milk
Class 4a Milk*
Class 4a Price*
Class 4b Milk*
Class 4b Price*
Class IV Price
CMAB*
CME
Collective Bargaining
Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC)
Commodity Reference Price*
Component Pricing
Consumer Milk Price Survey
Cooperative Federation
Cooperative Payments
CRP*
Cwt.

D
Dairy Collection Plan
Dairy Council of California
Dairy Herd Improvement Association (DHIA)
Dairy Marketing Branch*
Dairy Management, Inc. (DMI)
Dairy Price Support Program (DPSP)
DHIA
Distribution
DMB*
DMI

E
Economic Research Service
Equalization Fund
Equalization Payment
ERS
Exception

F
Farmstead Cheese
Fat Corrected Milk
Fat Free
Federal Milk Marketing Order (FMMO)
Federal Order Hearing
Filled Milk
Final Decision
Flavored Milk
Fluid Milk Products
Flush Season
F.O.B factory price
Futures Contract

G
Grade A Milk
Grade B Milk

H
Handlers
Hard Products
Hearing*
Hearing Panel*
Homogenized Milk
HTST

I
Ice Milk
Imitation Milks or Imitation Dairy Products
Individual Handler Pool
Industrial Milk
Ineligible List*
Interstate Milk Shippers List

J
Jugger

L
Lactose Reduced
Light
Location Differentials
Louisville Plan
Lowfat
Lowfat Milk

M
Mandatory Class 2 (product)*
Manfacturing Cost Allowance (also called make allowance)
Manufactured Products
Manufacturing Cooperative
Manufacturing Grade Milk*
Manufacturing Margins
Market Administrator
Market Milk*
Market Service Deductions
Marketing Agency In Common (MAC)
Marketing Area
Marketing Order
Milk
Milk Equivalent, milkfat basis
Milk Equivalent, total solids basis (m.e., t.s.)
Milk Pooling Branch
Milk Pooling Plan
Milk Producer Security Trust Fund
Milkshed
Minimum Prices
Minnesota - Wisconsin Price

N
NASS
National Agricultural Statistics Service
National Dairy Board
NDB
NDM or NFDM
Net Removals
Non Pool Milk
Non Pool Plants
Nonfat Dry Milk (NDM or NFDM)

O
Other source milk*
Overbase*
Over Order Premium

P
Packaged Milk
Pasteurization
Pool Milk
Pool Plant
Pooling
Pooling, Cooperative
Pooling, Individual Handler
Pooling, Marketwide
Pooling Plan for Market Milk
Powder
Pricing Formula
Producer
Producer - Handler (also Producer - Distributor)
Producer Settlement Fund*
Promotional Check-off
Protein Pricing
Purchase (Support) Prices

Q
Quota*

R
Raw Milk
Receiving Station
Recommended Decision
Reconstituted Milk
Reduced Fat
Referendum
Regional Quota Adjusters*
Restricted Use Market Milk (degraded milk)*
Retail
Riding the Pool
RO (Reverse Osmosis )
RQAs*

S
Sales Below Cost*
Sales for Restricted Use
Sales for Unrestricted Use
Seasonality
Sell Back Price
Short Months
Skim Milk
Snubber
Soft Products
Solids-Non-Fat (SNF)
Stabilization and Marketing Plans for Market Milk
Standardized Milk
Standby Pool
Super-Pool Payment
Supply Handler / Call Handler*
Supply Management
Support Price

T
Tailored Milk
Trade Association
Transportation Allowances*
Transportation Credits*
Transportation Differentials

U
UF (Ultrafiltration)
UHT
Ultrapasteurized
Uncommitted Inventories
Uniform Price
United States Dairy Export Council (USDEC)
United States Department of Food and Agriculture (USDA)
USDEC
USDA

V
Verification

W
Wet Solids
Whey
Wholesale

Y
Yield
Yogurt