> CDFA > ANIMAL HEALTH & FOOD SAFETY SERVICES > MILK & DAIRY FOOD SAFETY > Milk Standards
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California Department of Food and Agriculture


California Milk Standards

California has different bacteriologial and nutritional standards for the milk produced and processed in California. They include:

Bacteriological Standards

 

STANDARD

FEDERAL

CALIFORNIA

Grade "A" Raw Milk for Pasteurization

Bacterial (Standard Plate Count) Limits

Not to exceed 100,000 per ml

Not to exceed 50,000 per ml

 

Somatic Cell Count

Not to exceed 750,000 per ml

Not to exceed 600,000 per ml

 

Coliform

No Standard

Not to exceed 750 per ml

 

Laboratory Pasteurized Count

No Standard

Not to exceed 750 per ml

Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk

Standard Plate Count

Maximum 20,000 per ml

Maximum 15,000 per ml

 

Coliform

Maximum 10 per ml

Maximum 10 per ml



Compositional Standards

 

STANDARD

FEDERAL

CALIFORNIA

Grade A Pasteurized Milk

Milkfat Minimum

3.25%

3.5%

 

Milk Solids-Not-Fat (SNF), minimum

8.25%

8.7%

 

Total Milk Solids

No Standard

12.2% Minimum

Grade A Reduced Fat Milk

Milkfat

Maximum 2.1%
No Minimum

Maximum 2.1%
Minimum 1.9%

 

SNF, minimum

8.25%

10.0%

Grade A Lowfat Milk

Milkfat

Maximum 1.2%
No Minimum

Maximum 1.1%
Minimum 0.9%

 

SNF, minimum

8.25%

11.0%

Grade A Nonfat Milk

Milkfat, maximum

0.20%

0.20%

 

SNF, minimum

8.25%

9.0%

While our standards may be stricter than the federal standards, this is not meant to imply the federal standards allow for unsafe milk.