News Release
California Department of Food and Agriculture
Media Contacts:
Steve Lyle, CDFA Public Affairs, (916) 654-0462
QUARANTINE EXPANDS FOR EUROPEAN GRAPEVINE MOTH
CDFA
Release #10-023
Quarantine begins in portions of Fresno, Mendocino counties; expansions in Napa, Solano, Sonoma counties
SACRAMENTO, May 19, 2010 — As the spring weather warms up and European grapevine moths (EGVM) emerge after a long winter, the invasive pest is increasingly turning up in traps that have been set throughout the state.  These detections have resulted in the addition of portions of Fresno and Mendocino counties to the EGVM quarantine, and they have also expanded existing quarantine areas in Napa, Sonoma and Solano counties.

“We have set an array of more than 40,000 traps statewide to determine exactly where the infestations exist,” said CDFA Secretary A.G. Kawamura.  “Detecting the pest is an important first step toward controlling it, and quarantines are the next step in the process.  These regulations allow us to protect surrounding uninfested areas by preventing movement of the insects on crops, harvesting equipment and related articles.”

Previously quarantined areas in Napa, Solano and Sonoma counties are expanding by approximately 827 square miles. New quarantine areas are being created in Fresno County (approximately 96 square miles) and in Mendocino County (approximately 140 square miles). The state’s total EGVM quarantine area now stands at approximately 1395 square miles. Maps of the quarantined areas are available online at: http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/PE/InteriorExclusion/egvm_quarantine.html

The quarantines primarily affect farmers as well as those who harvest, transport and otherwise process or handle crops.  Agricultural officials have already begun the process of informing those involved in the industry of the requirements.  These business people generally sign compliance agreements that indicate how crops, vehicles, equipment and related articles are to be treated during the quarantine.

Homeowners, plant nurseries, landscapers and other citizens and businesses who work with plants are also involved in the quarantine, though.  For example, residents who have grapes, stone fruit trees (peaches, plums, etc.) and other “host plants” for this pest in their yards are asked to harvest and consume their fruit on-site to further limit the risk of spreading the pest. 

Residents of the quarantined area are asked to review the list of host plants/fruits (below) and to not remove them from their property; the produce may, however, be harvested and consumed on site.

Scientific Name                      Common Name
Actinidia chinensis                  Kiwi fruit or Chinese Gooseberry
Berberis vulgaris                     European Barberry
Clematis vitalba                      Old-Man's-Beard or Traveller’s Joy
Daphne gnidium                      Spurge Flax
Dianthus spp.                          Carnation
Diospyros kaki                       Persimmon
Galium mollugo                      False Baby’s Breath or White Bedstraw
Hypericum calycinum             St. John’s Wort or Aaron’s Beard
Ligustrum vulgare                   European Privet
Olea europaea                        Olive
Prunus spp.                             Stone Fruit (e.g. apricot, cherry, plum)
Punica granatum                     Pomegranate
Rhus glabra                            Smooth Sumac
Ribes spp.                              Currant, Gooseberry
Rosmarinus officinalis           Rosemary
Rubus spp.                             Blackberry, Dewberry
Silene vulgaris                       Bladder Campion
Trifolium pratense                 Red Clover
Urginea maritime                   Sea squill
Vitis spp.                               Grape
Ziziphus jujuba                      Jujube

EGVM, or Lobesia botrana, is found in southern Asia, Japan, Europe, North Africa, Anatolia, the Caucasus and in South America. The pest primarily damages grapes, but has also been known to feed on other crops and plants.

The EGVM larvae, not the adult moths, are responsible for the damage to grapes. Larvae that emerge early in the spring feed on grape bud clusters or flowers and spin webbing around them before pupating inside the web or under a rolled leaf.  If heavy flower damage occurs during this first generation, the affected flowers will fail to develop and yield will be reduced.  Second-generation larvae enter the grapes to feed before pupating in the clusters or in leaves.  Larvae of the third generation — the most damaging — feed on multiple ripening grapes and expose them to further damage from fungal development and rot. These larvae overwinter as pupae in protected areas such as under bark, and emerge as adults the following spring.

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California Department of Food and Agriculture Office of Public Affairs
1220 N St., Ste. 214, Sacramento, CA 95814
916-654-0462, www.cdfa.ca.gov